Table Summarises The Main Functions Of The Major Cell Organelles

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Table Summarises The Main Functions Of The Major Cell Organelles

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The Main Functions Of The Major Cell Organelles::

Endoplasmic reticulum Rough endoplasmic reticulum

  • translation and folding of new proteins
  • manufacture of lysosomal enzymes
  • site of N-linked glycosylation
  • examples of cells with extensive RER include pancreatic cells, goblet cells, plasma cells

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

  • steroid, lipid synthesis
  • examples of cells with extensive SER include those of the adrenal cortex, hepatocytes, testes, ovaries
Golgi apparatus Modifies, sorts, and packages these molecules that are destined for cell secretion
Site of O-linked glycosylation
Mitochondrion Aerobic respiration. Contains mitochondrial genome as circular DNA
Nucleus DNA maintenance and RNA transcription
Lysosome Breakdown of large molecules such as proteins and polysaccharides
Nucleolus Ribosome production
Ribosome Translation of RNA into proteins
Peroxisome Catabolism of very long chain fatty acids and amino acids
Results in the formation of hydrogen peroxide
Proteasome Along with the lysosome pathway involved in degradation of protein molecules that have been tagged with ubiquitin

 

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