Table Summarises The Main Functions Of The Major Cell Organelles

Table Summarises The Main Functions Of The Major Cell Organelles

Download link for the word file Below!!

The Main Functions Of The Major Cell Organelles::

Endoplasmic reticulumRough endoplasmic reticulum

  • translation and folding of new proteins
  • manufacture of lysosomal enzymes
  • site of N-linked glycosylation
  • examples of cells with extensive RER include pancreatic cells, goblet cells, plasma cells

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

  • steroid, lipid synthesis
  • examples of cells with extensive SER include those of the adrenal cortex, hepatocytes, testes, ovaries
Golgi apparatusModifies, sorts, and packages these molecules that are destined for cell secretion
Site of O-linked glycosylation
MitochondrionAerobic respiration. Contains mitochondrial genome as circular DNA
NucleusDNA maintenance and RNA transcription
LysosomeBreakdown of large molecules such as proteins and polysaccharides
NucleolusRibosome production
RibosomeTranslation of RNA into proteins
PeroxisomeCatabolism of very long chain fatty acids and amino acids
Results in the formation of hydrogen peroxide
ProteasomeAlong with the lysosome pathway involved in degradation of protein molecules that have been tagged with ubiquitin

 

Free Download link >> The Main Functions Of The Major Cell Organelles

Share this post on your social media accounts

All the best!!!