Download Essential German Grammar PDF

Essential German Grammar PDF

Essential german grammar book is a scholar-friendly German Grammar intended to give students a solid foundation in order to develop their German language skills. The reference grammar section is simple to practice, with precise explanations, actual examples and visually appealing summaries. A unique exercise section allows students to test themselves and put into study what they must learn.
This is a step-by-step guide that was created with one goal in mind: To help complete beginners learn how to speak German fast.
German language learning is essential for everyone who needs to travel and live in Germany. Learning German being is not hard, like learning any language requires time and dedication. It’s the same with the German language.


Book Description of Essential German Grammar PDF

The information about the German language offered to the learner is straightforward and friendly, but we are nevertheless not presented with a misleadingly simple and decontextualised view of modern German.

Essential German Grammer PDF is eminently proper for training and revision goals in the sixth form. It is a greatly well place together a book and can show many teachers a point or two and offer some of them a completely convenient way to Grammar and methodology.

Table of Contents of Essential German Grammar PDF

1. Words and sentences

  1. Words and their relationships: complements, case, valency
  2. The subject and the finite verb
  3. Accusative objects
  4. Dative objects
  5. Prepositional objects
  6. Sein(and similar verbs) and their complements
  7. Sentences and clauses
  8. Main clauses
  9. Questions and commands
  10. Subordinate clauses
  11. Words and sentences in context

2. Nouns

  1. Gender
  2. Masculine nouns
  3. Feminine nouns
  4. Neuter nouns1
  5. Other clues to gender
  6. Noun plurals
  7. The plural of masculine nouns
  8. The plural of feminine nouns
  9. The plural of neuter nouns
  10. Plurals in -s(and other foreign plurals)
  11. Case
  12. Case marking on the noun
  13. Nouns in context

3. The noun phrase: determiners and pronouns

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  1. The definite article
  2. The indefinite article
  3. Uses of the articles
  4. Demonstratives
  5. Possessives
  6. Other determiners
  7. Personal pronouns
  8. Reflexive pronouns
  9. Demonstrative, possessive and indefinite pronouns
  10. The noun phrase in context
  11. Interrogative adverbials
  12. Adverb comparison
  13. Cardinal numbers
  14. Ordinal numbers
  15. Fractions
  16. Clock times, days of the week and months
  17. Modal particles
  18. Adjectives, adverbs and adverbials in context

4. Adjectives, adverbs and adverbials

  1. Adjective declension
  2. Adjective declension: some special cases
  3. Adjectives used as nouns
  4. Adjectives with the dative
  5. Adjectives with prepositions
  6. Comparison of adjectives
  7. Some uses of the comparative and superlative
  8. Adverbs and adverbials
  9. Time adverbials
  10. Adverbs of place
  11. Adverbs of direction
  12. Adverbs of attitude
  13. Adverbs of manner
  14. Adverbs of degree

5. Prepositions

  1. Prepositions with the accusative
  2. Prepositions with the dative
  3. Prepositions with the accusative or the dative
  4. Prepositions with the genitive
  5. Prepositional adverbs
  6. Prepositions in context

6. Verbs: forms

  1. Principal parts: weak, strong and irregular verbs
  2. Tenses: general
  3. Conjugation of weak and strong verbs in simple tenses
  4. Separable and inseparable verbs
  5. Conjugation of irregular verbs
  6. Compound tenses
  7. haben or sein in the perfect?
  8. Forms of the passive
  9. Forms of the subjunctive
  10. Vowel changes with strong verbs
  11. List of strong and irregular verbs
  12. Verb forms in context

7. Verbs: uses

  1. The tenses and their use
  2. Present and future
  3. Past and perfect
  4. The passive with werden
  5. The ‘subjectless’ passive
  6. The passive with dative objects
  7. von or durch with the passive
  8. The passive with sein
  9. Alternatives to passive constructions
  10. The subjunctive: general
  11. Subjunctive II: conditional sentences
  12. Subjunctive I: reported speech
  13. The modal auxiliary verbs
  14. dürfen
  15. können
  16. mögen
  17. müssen
  18. sollen
  19. wollen
  20. Verb uses in context

8. Valency and cases

  1. Sentence patterns
  2. Reflexive verbs
  3. Dative objects
  4. Other uses of the dative case
  5. Genitive objects
  6. Other uses of the genitive case
  7. Prepositional objects
  8. Place complements
  9. Direction complements
  10. Predicate complements
  11. Valency and cases in context

9. Word order

  1. The ‘bracket’ construction
  2. Verbs at the end of the clause
  3. First position in main clauses
  4. The order of words and phrases in the central section
  5. The position of pronouns
  6. The position of the noun subject and objects
  7. The position of adverbials
  8. The position of complements
  9. The position of nicht
  10. Placing elements after the verbal bracket
  11. Word order in the context

10. Complex sentences

  1. Coordination and subordination
  2. Coordination
  3. Subordination: noun clauses1
  4. Subordination: other conjunctions
  5. Subordination: relative clauses
  6. Infinitive clauses
  7. Infinitive clauses after prepositions
  8. The infinitive without zu
  9. Complex sentences in context

11. Word formation

  1. The basics of word formation
  2. The formation of nouns
  3. Compound nouns
  4. The formation of adjectives
  5. Inseparable verb prefixes
  6. Separable verb prefixes
  7. Variable verb prefixes
  8. Other ways of forming verbs
  9. Word formation in context

12. Spoken and written German

  1. The relationship between pronunciation and spelling
  2. German spelling
  3. The use of capital letters
  4. One word or two?
  5. -ss-and -ß-
  6. Punctuation: the comma
  7. Other punctuation marks
  8. Register
  9. Colloquial and formal pronunciation
  10. Register differences in grammar
  11. Register differences in vocabulary1
  12. Register in context


  1. Chapter 1: Words and sentences
  2. Chapter 2: Nouns
  3. Chapter 3: The noun phrase: determiners and pronouns
  4. Chapter 4: Adjectives, adverbs, and adverbials
  5. Chapter 5: Prepositions
  6. Chapter 6: Verbs: forms
  7. Chapter 7: Verbs: uses
  8. Chapter 8: Valency and cases
  9. Chapter 9: Word order
  10. Chapter 10: Complex sentences
  11. Chapter 11: Word formation
  12. Chapter 12: Spoken and written German

Answers to exercises
Grammar in context: translations


Authors of Essential German Grammar

Martin Durrell is an Emeritus Professor at the University of Manchester.
Katrin Kohl is a Fellow and Tutor in German at the University of Oxford.
Gudrun Loftus is an Instructor in German at the Language Centre, University of Oxford.

Book Language ‏ : ‎ English

Essential German Grammar Pages Number‏ : ‎ 320 pages

Best Books to Practice and Learn Basic German Grammar for Beginners

Complete German Grammar
Practising GERMAN Grammar
Teach Yourself German Complete Course, 4th edition
German: An Essential Grammar
Basic German: A Grammar and Workbook
Hammer’s German Grammar and Usage
Modern GERMAN Grammar

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